Tenant Relocation Assistance refers to money and other direct support that helps displaced tenants find a new place to live. In it's legal form it can be an ordinance that outlines requirements for landlords or developers to pay relocation money to low-income tenants who are displaced from their units because of housing demolitions, substantial rehabilitation, change of use, or the removal of the restrictions that were placed on subsidized housing. In some models, half of the relocation amount is paid by the landlord and the city pays the other half, though some cities can set up Relocation Assistance Funds to aid low-income tenants prepare for displacement. These monetary aid can include money for temporary housing until the tenant finds a permanent home, actual moving costs, rental expenses, and help locating a new place to live.
Tenant Relocation Ordinances
In this form of relocation assistance, the owner must obtain permits in order to perform any action that could displace tenants from the building, and must first apply for tenant relocation licenses for the residents impacted. Owners who fail to seek a relocation permit are not allowed to begin an eviction action against the tenants. In other words, tenant relocation ordinances legally bind landlords to provide relocation assistance to impacted low income tenants. Through the ordinance, landlords and developers become responsible for addressing the displacement of low-income people.
Relocation Assistance Funds
Some cities have set up emergency relocation assistance programs that help provide assistance to low-income people displaced due to building code violations, or other emergency situations, such as fires and lead poisoning. Eligible tenants can apply to the program to receive a payments of up to a certain amount of money for rent or a security deposit and a moving assistance payment to assist with moving expenses. Typically these funds provide more limited benefits but can provide families facing eviction significant financial help during the transition.